Thermoluminescence dating of sediments
Second, creationists appeal to the Omphalos hypothesis and argue that God deceptively created the world to appear old.
All of this evidence supports deep time: the idea, considered credible by scientists since the early 1800s, that the Earth (and the Universe) is millions These limits usually take the form: "Because we observe [X], which occurs at rate [Y], the universe must be at least [Z] years old".
Later excavations in the 1980s established Malakunanja as the oldest dated site in Australia.
The first signs of Human occupation appear 2.6 m below the surface.
Archaeological geology as a science had to precede the proposal of evolution, as an understanding of the immense age of the earth is necessary to understand evolution.
Cuvier established amongst the scientific community the fact of extinction.